Computer… girl hours

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Erano gli anni ’40 e il termine “computer” era ancora riferito alle persone che eseguivano i calcoli matematici.

Al “Bureau of Ordinance Computation Project” dell’università di Harvard durante la seconda guerra mondiale, le persone che computavano tutto ciò che era necessario per la balistica tramite i calcolatori erano per lo più donne. Il tempo necessario ad effettuare i calcoli da parte dei calcolatori elettronici era quindi espresso in “girl hours“.

Hopper was sent to the Bureau of Ordinance Computation Project at Harvard University under the guidance of Howard Aiken. The Harvard physics and applied mathematics professor helped create the first Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), better known as Mark I. He ran a lab where design, testing, modification and analysis of weapons were calculated. Most were specially trained women called computers. “So the first ‘computers’ were women who did the calculating on desk calculators” Williams said. And the time it took for the computers to calculate was called “girl hours.”

https://web.archive.org/web/20210320120618/https://usnhistory.navylive.dodlive.mil/2014/12/09/grace-hopper-navy-to-the-core-a-pirate-at-heart/

Altre risorse:

https://www.doncio.navy.mil/chips/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=8463

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